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Table 1 Erythrocyte functions in vertebrates.

From: Is there a direct role for erythrocytes in the immune response?

Proposed functions Mammals Fish Amphibian Reptils Birds
Gas exchange function [18] [18] [18] [18] [18]
Sugar transport [19] [26] [34] [36] [40]
Calcium homeostasis [20] [27] [35] [37] [41]
Redox homeostasis [17] [28] - [38] [42]
Cell proliferation [21] - - - [43]
Antiviral response   [29] - - -
Antimicrobial activity      
Immune complex [22] [30] - - -
ROS production [23] [31] - - -
Hemoglobin [24] [32] - [39] -
Other related functions [25] [33] - - [44]
  1. Table reports functions associated to erythrocytes in mammals, fish, amphibian, reptiles and birds. References are numbered according to appearance.