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  1. For the past decade, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has been working toward eradicating rinderpest through vaccination and intense surveillance by 2012. Because of the potential se...

    Authors: Carrie Manore, Benjamin McMahon, Jeanne Fair, James M Hyman, Mac Brown and Montiago LaBute
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:55
  2. The recent bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8) epidemic in Western Europe struck hard. Controlling the infection was difficult and a good and safe vaccine was not available until the spring of 2008. Little was...

    Authors: Aline A de Koeijer, Gert Jan Boender, Gonnie Nodelijk, Christoph Staubach, Estelle Meroc and Armin RW Elbers
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:53
  3. Picobirnaviruses (PBV) are small, non-enveloped viruses with a bisegmented double-stranded RNA genome. In this study a PBV strain, PBV/Horse/India/BG-Eq-3/2010, was identified in the faeces of a 10 month old w...

    Authors: Balasubramanian Ganesh, Krisztian Banyai, Gisela Masachessi, Zornitsa Mladenova, Shigeo Nagashima, Souvik Ghosh, Seegekote Mariyappa Nataraju, Madhusudhan Pativada, Rahul Kumar and Nobumichi Kobayashi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:52
  4. Helicobacter (H.) suis has been associated with chronic gastritis and ulcers of the pars oesophagea in pigs, and with gastritis, peptic ulcer disease and gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma in huma...

    Authors: Miet Vermoote, Tom Theo Marie Vandekerckhove, Bram Flahou, Frank Pasmans, Annemieke Smet, Dominic De Groote, Wim Van Criekinge, Richard Ducatelle and Freddy Haesebrouck
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:51
  5. The acute phase protein (APP) response is an early systemic sign of disease, detected as substantial changes in APP serum concentrations and most disease states involving inflammatory reactions give rise to AP...

    Authors: Peter MH Heegaard, Anders Stockmarr, Matilde Piñeiro, Rakel Carpintero, Fermin Lampreave, Fiona M Campbell, P David Eckersall, Mathilda JM Toussaint, Erik Gruys and Nanna Skall Sorensen
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:50
  6. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are in several countries the most common bacteria isolated in subclinical mastitis. To investigate the innate immune response of cows to infections with two common mastit...

    Authors: Heli Simojoki, Tiina Salomäki, Suvi Taponen, Antti Iivanainen and Satu Pyörälä
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:49
  7. Cooperia oncophora is an economically important gastrointestinal nematode in ruminants. Acquired resistance to Cooperia oncophora infection in cattle develops rapidly as a result of prior infections. Naïve cattle...

    Authors: Robert W Li, Congjun Li and Louis C Gasbarre
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:48
  8. Over the last 10 years or so, infections caused by bacteria belonging to a particular branch of the genus Francisella have become increasingly recognised in farmed fish and molluscs worldwide. While the increasin...

    Authors: Duncan J Colquhoun and Samuel Duodu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:47
  9. Suffolk sheep carrying the DRB1*1101 (previously referred to as-DRB1*0203 or G2) allele have been reported to show increased resistance to natural Teladorsagia circumcincta infection compared to non-carriers. The...

    Authors: Musa Hassan, Barbara Good, James P Hanrahan, Deirdre Campion, Gearoid Sayers, Grace Mulcahy and Torres Sweeney
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:46
  10. Substantial debate exists on whether the immune response between sheep resistant and susceptible to gastrointestinal nematodes can be differentiated into a Th1 and Th2 phenotype. The present study addresses th...

    Authors: Musa Hassan, James P Hanrahan, Barbara Good, Grace Mulcahy and Torres Sweeney
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:45
  11. Antimicrobial resistance is of primary importance regarding public and animal health issues. Persistence and spread of resistant strains within a population contribute to the maintenance of a reservoir and lea...

    Authors: Mathieu Andraud, Nicolas Rose, Michel Laurentie, Pascal Sanders, Aurélie Le Roux, Roland Cariolet, Claire Chauvin and Eric Jouy
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:44
  12. Parvoviruses of carnivores include three closely related autonomous parvoviruses: canine parvovirus (CPV), feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) and mink enteritis virus (MEV). These viruses cause a variety of seri...

    Authors: Mara Battilani, Andrea Balboni, Martina Ustulin, Massimo Giunti, Alessandra Scagliarini and Santino Prosperi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:43
  13. In dogs Helicobacter spp. are found in all gastric regions usually localized in the surface mucus, gastric glands and parietal cells. The aim of this study was to detail the distribution of Helicobacter spp. in t...

    Authors: Anna Lanzoni, Ivo Faustinelli, Patrizia Cristofori, Mario Luini, Kenneth W Simpson, Eugenio Scanziani and Camilla Recordati
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:42
  14. In this study, we examined the in vitro invasion and proliferation capacities of the Nc-Liv and ten Spanish Neospora caninum isolates (Nc-Spain 1 H - Nc-Spain 10). The invasion rate was determined as the number o...

    Authors: Javier Regidor-Cerrillo, Mercedes Gómez-Bautista, Itsaso Sodupe, Gorka Aduriz, Gema Álvarez-García, Itziar Del Pozo and Luis Miguel Ortega-Mora
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:41
  15. Human cases of bacterial gastro-enteritis are often caused by the consumption of eggs contaminated with Salmonella species, mainly Salmonella enterica serovar Enteriditis (Salmonella Enteritidis). To reduce human...

    Authors: Ekelijn Thomas, Annemarie Bouma and Don Klinkenberg
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:40
  16. Several animal models have been established to study visceral leishmaniosis (VL), a worldwide vector-borne disease affecting humans and domestic animals that constitutes a serious public health problem. BALB/c...

    Authors: Ana Nieto, Gustavo Domínguez-Bernal, José A Orden, Ricardo De La Fuente, Nadia Madrid-Elena and Javier Carrión
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:39
  17. Avian paramyxoviruses (APMVs) are frequently isolated from domestic and wild birds throughout the world and are separated into nine serotypes (APMV-1 to -9). Only in the case of APMV-1, the infection of non-av...

    Authors: Arthur S Samuel, Madhuri Subbiah, Heather Shive, Peter L Collins and Siba K Samal
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:38
  18. Natural killer (NK) cells are well recognized as playing a key role in innate immune defence through cytokine production and cytotoxic activity; additionally recent studies have identified several novel NK cel...

    Authors: Timothy Connelley, Anne K Storset, Alan Pemberton, Niall MacHugh, Jeremy Brown, Hege Lund and Ivan W Morrison
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:37
  19. Epidemiological models enable to better understand the dynamics of infectious diseases and to assess ex-ante control strategies. For Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map), possible transmission routes...

    Authors: Clara Marcé, Pauline Ezanno, Henri Seegers, Dirk Udo Pfeiffer and Christine Fourichon
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:36
  20. Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of mastitis in ruminants. In ewe mastitis, symptoms range from subclinical to gangrenous mastitis. S. aureus factors or host-factors contributing to the different outcomes a...

    Authors: Caroline Le Maréchal, Julien Jardin, Gwenaël Jan, Sergine Even, Coralie Pulido, Jean-Michel Guibert, David Hernandez, Patrice François, Jacques Schrenzel, Dieter Demon, Evelyne Meyer, Nadia Berkova, Richard Thiéry, Eric Vautor and Yves Le Loir
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:35
  21. In general, members of the Alphaherpesvirinae use the epithelium of the upper respiratory and/or genital tract as a preferential site for primary replication. Bovine herpesvirus type 1 (BoHV-1) may replicate at b...

    Authors: Lennert Steukers, Annelies P Vandekerckhove, Wim Van den Broeck, Sarah Glorieux and Hans J Nauwynck
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:33
  22. Scrapie in sheep and goats has been known for more than 250 years and belongs nowadays to the so-called prion diseases that also include e.g. bovine spongiform encephalopathy in cattle (BSE) and Creutzfeldt-Ja...

    Authors: Wiebke M Wemheuer, Sylvie L Benestad, Arne Wrede, Wilhelm E Wemheuer, Bertram Brenig, Bjørn Bratberg and Walter J Schulz-Schaeffer
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:32
  23. In sheep polymorphisms of the prion gene (PRNP) at the codons 136, 154 and 171 strongly influence the susceptibility to scrapie and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) infections. In goats a number of other ge...

    Authors: Martin Eiden, Elizabeth Ortega Soto, Thomas C Mettenleiter and Martin H Groschup
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:30
  24. Non-typhoidal Salmonella represents an important human and animal pathogen world-wide. Most human salmonellosis cases are foodborne, but each year infections are also acquired through direct or indirect animal co...

    Authors: Karin Hoelzer, Andrea Isabel Moreno Switt and Martin Wiedmann
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:34
  25. Chlamydiaceae are Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria. They are responsible for a broad range of diseases in animals and humans. In pigs, Chlamydia suis, Chlamydia abortus, Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamyd...

    Authors: Katelijn Schautteet and Daisy Vanrompay
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:29
  26. This study aims to characterize the mannose receptor (MR) gene in sheep and its role in ovine visna/maedi virus (VMV) infection. The deduced amino acid sequence of ovine MR was compatible with a transmembrane ...

    Authors: Helena Crespo, Ramsés Reina, Idoia Glaria, Hugo Ramírez, Ximena de Andrés, Paula Jáuregui, Lluís Luján, Luisa Martínez-Pomares, Beatriz Amorena and Damián F de Andrés
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:28
  27. In 2008 and 2009, acute mortalities occurred in France among Pacific cupped oyster, Crassostrea gigas, spat. Different hypothesis including the implication of environmental factors, toxic algae and/or pathogens h...

    Authors: David Schikorski, Tristan Renault, Denis Saulnier, Nicole Faury, Pierrick Moreau and Jean-François Pépin
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:27
  28. Since the discovery that Helicobacter pylori causes a range of pathologies in the stomachs of infected humans, it has become apparent that Helicobacters are found in a diverse range of animal species where they a...

    Authors: Alison L Every, Lynne Selwood, Natalia Castano-Rodriguez, Wei Lu, Helen M Windsor, Janet LK Wee, Agnieszka Swierczak, Barry J Marshall, Nadeem O Kaakoush, Hazel M Mitchell and Philip Sutton
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:26
  29. Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) causes fibrino-hemorrhagic necrotizing pleuropneumonia in pigs. Production of proinflammatory mediators in the lungs is an important feature of A. pleuropneum...

    Authors: Zeng-Weng Chen, Maw-Sheng Chien, Nai-Yun Chang, Ter-Hsin Chen, Chi-Ming Wu, Chienjin Huang, Wei-Cheng Lee and Shih-Ling Hsuan
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:25
  30. An experimental infection with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) and low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV) was carried out in red-legged partridges (Alectoris rufa) in order to study clinical...

    Authors: Kateri Bertran, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Núria Busquets, Roser Dolz, Antonio Ramis, Ayub Darji, Francesc Xavier Abad, Rosa Valle, Aida Chaves, Júlia Vergara-Alert, Marta Barral, Ursula Höfle and Natàlia Majó
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:24
  31. Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) infection remains a significant problem despite the widespread use of vaccines. The inability to generate a protective immune response to EHV-1 vaccination or infection is thought ...

    Authors: Gisela Soboll Hussey, Stephen B Hussey, Bettina Wagner, David W Horohov, Gerlinde R Van de Walle, Nikolaus Osterrieder, Lutz S Goehring, Sangeeta Rao and David P Lunn
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:23
  32. Foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMVD), one of the most contagious viruses of cloven-hoofed animals, may cause a prolonged, asymptomatic but persistent infection in ruminants, named the "carrier state". However, ...

    Authors: Teresa Rodríguez-Calvo, Fayna Díaz-San Segundo, Marta Sanz-Ramos and Noemí Sevilla
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:22
  33. To establish bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) public health protection measures it is important to precisely define the cattle tissues considered as specified risk materials (SRM). To date, in pre-clinic...

    Authors: Christine Hoffmann, Martin Eiden, Martin Kaatz, Markus Keller, Ute Ziegler, Ron Rogers, Bob Hills, Anne Balkema-Buschmann, Lucien van Keulen, Jorg G Jacobs and Martin H Groschup
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:21
  34. Bacterial taxonomy has progressed from reliance on highly artificial culture-dependent techniques involving the study of phenotype (including morphological, biochemical and physiological data) to the modern ap...

    Authors: Brian Austin
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:20
  35. At birth, the immune system is still in development making neonates more susceptible to infections. The recognition of microbial ligands is a key step in the initiation of immune responses. It can be mimicked ...

    Authors: Stéphanie Ferret-Bernard, Sonia Lacroix-Lamandé, Aude Remot, Coralie Metton, Nelly Bernardet, Bernard Charley, Françoise Drouet and Fabrice Laurent
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:19
  36. Since its introduction into northern Europe in 2006, bluetongue has become a major threat to animal health. While the efficacy of commercial vaccines has been clearly demonstrated in livestock, little is known...

    Authors: Damien Vitour, Jean Guillotin, Corinne Sailleau, Cyril Viarouge, Alexandra Desprat, Frédéric Wolff, Guillaume Belbis, Benoit Durand, Labib Bakkali-Kassimi, Emmanuel Breard, Stéphan Zientara and Gina Zanella
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:18
  37. A seroepizootiological study of Toxoplasma gondii infection involving a total of 488 slaughter pigs (468 market-weight pigs and 20 sows) in the Belgrade area, also included examination of the presence of T. gondi...

    Authors: Ivana Klun, Marija Vujanić, Hélène Yera, Aleksandra Nikolić, Vladimir Ivović, Branko Bobić, Siniša Bradonjić, Jean Dupouy-Camet and Olgica Djurković-­Djaković
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:17
  38. Genes localized at Salmonella pathogenicity island-1 (SPI-1) are involved in Salmonella enterica invasion of host non-professional phagocytes. Interestingly, in macrophages, SPI-1-encoded proteins, in addition to...

    Authors: Barbora Pavlova, Jiri Volf, Petra Ondrackova, Jan Matiasovic, Hana Stepanova, Magdalena Crhanova, Daniela Karasova, Martin Faldyna and Ivan Rychlik
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:16
  39. The objective of the current study was to investigate (i) the outcome of experimentally induced Escherichia coli mastitis in primiparous cows during early lactation in relation with production of eicosanoids and ...

    Authors: Adel Pezeshki, Philippe Stordeur, Hugues Wallemacq, Frédéric Schynts, Mieke Stevens, Philippe Boutet, Luc J Peelman, Bart De Spiegeleer, Luc Duchateau, Fabrice Bureau and Christian Burvenich
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:15
  40. Bluetongue virus serotype 8 (BTV-8), which caused an epidemic in ruminants in central Western Europe in 2006 and 2007, seems to differ from other bluetongue serotypes in that it can spread transplacentally and...

    Authors: Leen Vandaele, Wendy Wesselingh, Kris De Clercq, Ilse De Leeuw, Herman Favoreel, Ann Van Soom and Hans Nauwynck
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:14
  41. Heat shock proteins (Hsp) perform cytoprotective functions such as apoptosis regulation and inflammatory response control. These proteins can also be secreted to the extracellular medium, acting as inflammator...

    Authors: Carmen Serrano, Rosa Bolea, Jaber Lyahyai, Hicham Filali, Luis Varona, Ane Marcos-Carcavilla, Cristina Acín, Jorge H Calvo, Magdalena Serrano, Juan J Badiola, Pilar Zaragoza and Inmaculada Martín-Burriel
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:13
  42. Aquaculture has expanded rapidly to become a major economic and food-producing sector worldwide these last 30 years. In parallel, viral diseases have emerged and rapidly spread from farm to farm causing enormo...

    Authors: Stéphane Biacchesi
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:12
  43. West Nile virus (WNV) is an emerging zoonotic pathogen whose geographic spread and incidence in humans, horses and birds has increased significantly in recent years. WNV has long been considered a mild pathoge...

    Authors: Elena Sotelo, Ana Valeria Gutierrez-Guzmán, Javier del Amo, Francisco Llorente, Mehdi El-Harrak, Elisa Pérez-Ramírez, Juan Manuel Blanco, Ursula Höfle and Miguel Angel Jiménez-Clavero
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:11
  44. Avian influenza virus can be divided into two groups, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAI) and low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAI) based on their difference in virulence. To investigate if th...

    Authors: Johanna MJ Rebel, Ben Peeters, Helmi Fijten, Jacob Post, Jan Cornelissen and Lonneke Vervelde
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:10
  45. The present study examined the immunological response of antigen presenting cells (APC) to genotype-I isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection by analysing the cytokine...

    Authors: Mariona Gimeno, Laila Darwich, Ivan Diaz, Eugenia de la Torre, Joan Pujols, Marga Martín, Shigeki Inumaru, Esmeralda Cano, Mariano Domingo, Maria Montoya and Enric Mateu
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:9
  46. Relative quantification using RT-qPCR is a widely used method for transcription profiling. Transcript levels of target genes in fish after experimental infection is often reported without documentation of stab...

    Authors: Marie Løvoll, Lars Austbø, Jorunn B Jørgensen, Espen Rimstad and Petter Frost
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:8
  47. Blood samples were obtained from 38 wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) at two sites in Ireland and subjected to PCR analysis of the 18S rRNA gene followed by sequencing. Two fragments of the 18S rRNA gene were genera...

    Authors: Annetta Zintl, Eugene J Finnerty, Thomas M Murphy, Theo de Waal and Jeremy S Gray
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:7
  48. This study shows that high pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus infection of chicken induced high levels of bioactive interferon type I in the lung (4.3 × 105 U/mg tissue), plasma (1.1 × 105 U/mL), and spleen (9.1 × 1...

    Authors: Hervé R Moulin, Matthias Liniger, Sylvie Python, Laurence Guzylack-Piriou, Manuela Ocaña-Macchi, Nicolas Ruggli and Artur Summerfield
    Citation: Veterinary Research 2011 42:6

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